Gabapentin Overview

Gabapentin is an antiepileptic/analgesic, used in the treatment of epilepsy seizures and nerve pain. Gabapentin may be prescribed by your doctor to treat epilepsy seizures, diabetic nerve pain and nerve pain resulting from herpes. It may also be used in the treatment of chronic pain conditions, as a sympathetic nerve blocker. The sympathetic nervous system controls sweating, temperature, sensitivity, sensation, circulation and skin reactions.

Patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) may be prescribed this drug as a means of reducing chronic pain and associated responses. In the case of CRPS, the patient will probably take this drug in combination with painkillers or anti-inflammatories. Gabapentin is not a pain killer, but blocks the nerve signals so that the body can heal and learn to read the signals correctly.

For patients with epilepsy, it may be used as an additional treatment for partial epileptic seizures that are not controlled with other epilepsy medications.It is available in gelatine capsules of 100mg, 300mg and 400mg, in blister packs of 10, 20, 30, 50, 60, 90, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 capsules.

Gabapentin Capsules should be swallowed whole with liquid, with or after food.If you are taking other medicines, your doctor should be made aware of them. Gabapentin may interact badly with some herbal remedies (non-prescription), and both antacids and ibruprofen may affect the way Gabapentin works.

If you have an allergy to lactose, you should inform your doctor, as Gabapentin capsules contain this ingredient.Gabapentin should NOT be taken if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

USAGE FOR EPILEPSY: The usual starting dose is 300mg for adults and children over 12 years of age. This dose is taken on the evening of the first day. Your doctor may then increase the dose on the second day to 300mg in the morning, and 300mg in the evening. On the third day you may be increased to 300mg three times per day. The maximum dosage is 3600mg per day. Gabapentin is not recommended for children under 12 years.

USAGE FOR DIABETIC NERVE PAIN: The dosage follows the rules for epilepsy, and may be continued for up to 5 months. If you suffer from any kidney problems, the doctor may issue a lower dosage.

USAGE AS A NERVE BLOCK: Gabapentin is not marketed for use as a nerve block, but is commonly used as such following successful applications. The dosage follows the same rules as for epilepsy patients, with a maximum dosage of 3600mg. For chronic pain conditions, Gabapentin may need

Gabapentin for ADHD

Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is characterized by inattentiveness, easy distractibility, impul-siveness, and difficulty completing tasks; excessive activity may or may not be seen. The person can appear to others as forgetful or careless. It begins in childhood and persists into adulthood for fifteen to fifty percent of children. The symptoms may be more subtle in an adult, and may not be easily diagnosed, particularly if hyperactivity is not seen. Those with attention deficit disorder develop more self-restraint and attention span in adulthood. By adulthood it is usually seen in its incomplete form (the modifier, “in partial remission,” is added).

ADHD SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • Squirms in seat; fidgets with hands or feet.
  • Unable to stay seated when required to do so.
  • Easily distracted.
  • Blurts out answers before a question is finished.
  • Difficulty waiting turn in games and lines.
  • Difficulty following instructions.
  • Unable to sustain attention in work or play activities.
  • Shifts from one uncompleted project to another.
  • Difficulty playing quietly.
  • Talks excessively.
  • Interrupts or intrudes on others.
  • Doesn’t appear to listen.
  • Loses items necessary for tasks.
  • Often engages in dangerous activities without considering consequences.

Gabapentin is an anticonvulsant drug released in the United States in 1993 for use as adjunctive therapy in refractory partial epilepsy. The mechanism of action of gabapentin is unknown, but the drug has very favorable pharmacokinetics and a good safety profile, which allows its use in high-risk patients. Several reports have described the successful use of gabapentin for bipolar disorders in adults, but there are no controlled studies in the use of gabapentin in children and adolescents.

We describe a 12-year-old boy with a history of attention deficient hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), reading disorder, mixed receptive and expressive language disorder, encopresis, and bipolar disorder II who was treated with gabapentin 200 mg/day added to methylphenidate 30 mg/day. Within 3 weeks the improvement and stabilization of mood symptoms was remarkable, as noted by mother, teacher, and clinician, and remained so for 6 months of follow-up.

Comorbid bipolar disorder and ADHD is a hotly debated topic in the child and adolescent psychiatric literature, with rates of comorbid ADHD and bipolar disorder ranging from 22% to 90%. Controlled studies are needed to evaluate the possible antimanic mood stabilizing and/or antidepressant properties or gabapentin in youths.

Gabapentin for Migraine Prevention

Gabapentin is a drug that is approved to treat seizures in people with epilepsy. It is also approved to treat nerve pain from shingles, which is a painful rash caused by herpes zoster infection. It’s used off-label for migraine prevention.

Gabapentin belongs to a class of drugs called anticonvulsants. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. Anticonvulsants help calm nerve impulses. It is believed that this action can help prevent migraine pain.

This drug comes as a capsule, tablet, or solution. You take it by mouth. Gabapentin is available as the brand-name drugs Neurontin, Gralise, and Horizant. It’s also available as a generic drug.

What is migraine?

A migraine is not just a headache. Migraines are usually more severe and last longer than headaches. Migraines can last as long as 72 hours. The major symptom of a migraine is pain that you usually feel on one side of your head. This pain is typically moderate or severe. Migraines also include other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and severe sensitivity to light and sound.

About 20% of people who have migraines experience an aura before the pain begins. An aura is a group of symptoms. You could have some or all of the following symptoms during a migraine aura:

  • Changes in your vision, such as seeing squiggly lines or having short-term, partial vision loss
  • Difficulty talking
  • Tingling or numbness of any part of your body

Migraine triggers

It is not known exactly why people have migraines. However, some people can track their migraine back to a certain trigger. Migraine triggers can include stress, lack of sleep, certain foods, and even hormone changes during a menstrual cycle.

Migraine prevention

Some people can prevent migraines by avoiding triggers. Others have prevented migraines successfully through relaxation techniques, acupuncture, or exercise. However, these therapies alone don’t work for everyone. Some people also need treatment with medication to reduce the number of migraines they have. The drugs used to prevent migraines are different from drugs that to treat migraines once a migraine starts. Drugs that prevent migraines, such as gabapentin, must be taken daily.

International and domestic studies that have evaluated Neurontin for migraine prevention suggest that it is effective. In a study of 63 patients with migraine (with or without aura), gabapentin significantly reduced migraine frequency and intensity among 30 patients who received it. In this study, adverse events were mild to moderate in severity.

Similarly, in a large study, 143 people with migraine received daily doses of Neurontin or placebo for 12 weeks. At the end of 12 weeks, the migraine rate had declined from 4.2 migraines before treatment to 2.7 migraines after treatment in those who received this drug.

This decrease was significantly greater than the decrease from 4.1 migraines to 3.5 migraines among those who received placebo. Of the 56 gabapentin recipients, 46% had at least a 50% reduction in the four-week migraine rate. Drug-related adverse events (sleepiness and dizziness) led to drug withdrawal in 13% of patients in the gabapentin group compared with 7% in the placebo group. The researchers concluded that this medication is an effective and well-tolerated preventive for migraine.

 

Headache Treatment and Effective Home Remedies for Migraine Headache

Headache is one of the most recurrent of human discomforts. In today’s life headache is a normal feature. Most of the times an annoyance is more of an irritating nuisance than an pointer of a serious problem.

But , in some cases the headache does merit more serious notice as it can be the indicator of some significant problem.

Read more on Headaches Home Remedies and Migraine Headaches and Headache Cure

Every person getting recurring headache fears whether he/ she has a migraine. Following features are characteristic of a migraine headache

Clinical features: Throbbing and / or dull ache; nausea or vomiting; worst at the back one eye or ear usually on one side of the head.

Whether they’re pounding and sore or dull and aching, headaches are ordinary in kids.

Headaches can have a wide range of causes and many level of severity. It’s important to appreciate how to recognize when a headache is just a transitory pain and when it’s amazing more and requires medical attention.

There are four types of headache: vascular, muscle contraction (tension), traction, and inflammatory. The most frequent type of vascular headache is migraine.

Migraine headaches are frequently characterized by severe pain on one or both sides of the head, an upset stomach, and, at times, troubled vision.

Women are more probable than men to have migraine headaches.

Causes of Headache

Headaches have a wide variety of causes, ranging from eyestrain to irritation from the sinus cavities to life-threatening situation such as encephalitis, brain cancer, and cerebral aneurysms.

When the headache occurs in conjunction with a head injury the cause is frequently quite evident; however , many causes of headaches are more elusive.

The most frequent kind of headache is a tension headache. Some people experience headaches when they are hungry or dehydrated.

Treatment of Headache

Most headaches are tension headaches, caused by a muscle spasm in the back of the head and neck.

The spasm can be sparked by emotional stress or by holding the head in an unchanging position (for example, while facing a computer screen or driving for hours).

Sometimes the pain can be very strict and felt in the back of the head and encircling the head in a vise-like band.

Home Remedies for Headache

1 . Eat a ripe apple with little salt in morning on an empty stomach incessantly for a week. It is a common remedy for chronic headache.

2 . Boiling fresh ginger or dried ginger powder in water. Inhale it to allay from sinus headache.

3. Lemon is a very beneficial natural remedy for headache caused by heat. Lemon crusts should be crushed into a fine paste in a mortar and applied as plaster on the forehead.

4. Keep your legs in a bucket filled with hot water (with temperature 40°C to 45°C) for 15 minutes every night before sleeping. Continue it for two to three weeks. It is also efficient home remedy for chronic headache.

5. Put 10 drops of eucalyptus oil in boiled water, cover your head with a towel, and inhale the steam. It is also common cure for sinus headache.

6. Prepare a paste by adding little water to 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon and be relevant it locally. It is proven remedy for sinus headache.

7. Rub the flowers of henna in vinegar and apply it over the brow. It is also very effective home remedy for headache due to heat.

Migraine Headache – Achieving Migraine Headache Relief

Pain medications are not always the best method of treatment when somebody is in need of migraine headache relief. Analgesics will many times cause unwanted effects which might be more intense than the pain symptoms they are designed to reduce. Furthermore, there is no assurance they will be able to reduce the discomfort. However , there are a great number of natural migraine headache treatment methods which might lessen the discomfort of a migraine headache. Also, they are usually a lot less risky than pain relieving medications.

If you are in need of a way to deal with the source of your painful migraine disorder, and are weary of consuming pain medications to reduce the symptoms only, there are a number of natural migraine headache therapies that may have the ability to help. And in actual fact, a number of natural methods may even provide improved and longer-term pain relief as opposed to pain medications. Plus, you have a diminished threat of unwanted effects using safe and natural home treatments.

A safe and simple solution for some sufferers is to hunt down migraine headache triggers and get rid of them. A trigger is anything that causes a migraine headache. Some common triggers are smoking, alcohol, caffeine, MSG and other food preservatives, specific fruits or vegetables, as well as a number of others.

A superior way to track down triggers that could be the cause of your migraine headache disorder is by keeping a detailed migraine headache journal. By keeping track of the foods you consume, when you eat, the times you get tense, anxiety, along with other potential triggers, as well as your migraine headache signs or symptoms and at what time they emerge, you will often reveal problematic triggers. As soon as one is exposed, it can be reduced or removed.

In addition to tracking down triggers there are a number of additional safe and effective migraine remedies. A simple and low-cost solution for many people is to relax in a peaceful dimly lit area. Migraine sufferers tend to be hypersensitive to lights and loud noises, which is why a peaceful dimly lit area may quickly alleviate the pain.

One more quick and useful approach for obtaining migraine headache relief would be to put a cold pack on the back of the neck at the base of the skull. This can often diminish the blood flow to the head which will decrease the size of the enlarged blood vessels, thereby lessening the pain. To enhance this effect you may also place your feet in nice warm water or relax in a hot tub. This will be able to move the blood away from the head, much like a cold pack on the back of the neck at the base of the skull, providing pain relief.

Stress is a major reason for tension and migraine headaches and is often alleviated by kneading and massaging tight muscles. To get the finest results you can rub the muscles of the head, neck, and shoulders. It’s typically best to use the pads of your thumbs and fingers when applying massage techniques to the muscle tissue, and even more relaxing when you can get another individual to do the kneading and massaging for you.

There are a large number of additional stress and anxiety reduction approaches that might control stress which should help reduce the number of or duration of migraine headaches. Specific varieties of nutritional and herbal treatments in addition to acupressure are good approaches for relieving stress or tension.

By not using natural migraine headache treatment approaches you will be stuck trying to reduce the pain symptoms without a possibility of avoiding the next migraine. This approach can result in acute migraines becoming chronic. It may also lead to additional health conditions like stroke, heart attack, diabetes, obesity, and a quantity of other considerable health disorders. If you would like to obtain permanent migraine headache relief it’s best to try a few natural and effective migraine headache treatment methods.

Relief From Back Pain

Does chronic back pain keep you from enjoying your favorite activities? If so, it’s probable that you suffer from one of the following back conditions. The extreme discomfort of lower back pain, upper back pain, sciatica, scoliosis, herniated discs, spinal stenosis, arthritis of the spine or any other back condition you can think of is diminishing the quality of your life.

I’m sure you remember the days when you could enjoy the pleasure of a running with the wind or riding your bike on a mild, sunny spring day. Possibly, you were into horseback riding or just a plain old-fashion workout at the gym. Whatever physical activity pleased you-you indulged in it without the debilitating pain that now comes between you and these favorite activities.

Since you are unable to partake in physical activities, at least you can relax and enjoy leisurely pleasures. Unfortunately, you discover this is also impossible. Even sitting down is uncomfortable. And a good night’s sleep. You’ve forgotten what that is. You wonder how sleep is possible when any position you try in bed causes back pain. Of course , we can forget about the other activity that takes place in a bed.

You may be asking. Is there any relief from my back pain in sight?

During my investigations, I discovered Jesse Cannone, co-founder of The Healthy Back Institute. I was surprised to discover that he has helped over 50, 000 back pain sufferers finally get lasting relief. To accomplish this, he uses a method called “Muscle Balance Therapy. ”

Cause of Back Pain

Did you know that long before you were aware of any back pain or pulled muscles, something was already weakening and straining your back muscles? The unhappy consequence was that it also reworked your pelvis and spine causing your back problems.

By now you’re probably asking what that “something” is. Well, here it is. Your body was developing physical dysfunctions. What’s insidious is that you didn’t even know it was happening. Maybe you’re wondering what these physical dysfunctions are. They are a combination of tight, loose and weak muscles that pull your pelvis and spine out of alignment. By the way, this process happens over a long period of time.

Since the affected muscles are the ones in your upper legs, buttocks, hips and shoulders they cause your back muscles to work “against the grain. ” Unfortunately, your back muscles weaken over time, put pressure on your spine and by pinching the nerves cause all kinds of nerve-related pain.

You know this makes sense because all the parts of your body need to work together harmoniously for you to experience optimum health. Of course the result is herniated discs, sciatica, virtual-scoliosis and any other back condition you can think of.

Muscle Balance Therapy

You’ll be thrilled to know Muscle Balance Therapy can fix these imbalances by returning your body to the natural balanced structure it was when you didn’t have back pain. You can feel young again.

According to The Healthy Back Institute Muscle Balance Therapy restores your body back to the days before you suffered back pain, by returning your pelvis and spine to its natural position.

It also identifies the muscles that are too tight or too weak. It then loosens the tight ones and strengthens the loose ones. The final result is that these dysfunctions are removed from your body. You get your life back.

Fioricet Provides Quick Relief for Migraines and Tension Headaches

If you suffer from chronic headaches, you are well aware of the disruption this can cause in your daily life. Trying to work or socialize while experiencing a headache can be quite difficult. Migraines can make these activities virtually impossible. The majority of those suffering from chronic headaches report that they are unable to lead a normal life. Migraine and tension headaches disrupt their work, social, and family life. A single debilitating headache can steal many valuable hours away from a day. After unsuccessfully trying several of the headache medications available, some chronic sufferers may simply give up. Before doing this, they might want to try Fioricet. It may just be the answer they have been seeking.

Fioricet can easily be bought online or at your local pharmacy, but you will need to obtain a prescription from a physician first. Most doctors are aware of the benefits of Fioricet and will readily provide a prescription for those suffering from migraines and tension headaches.

The three active ingredients in Fioricet work together to relieve migraines and tension headaches. Fioricet is unique in that it includes acetaminophen, butalbital, and caffeine. While acetaminophen may be found in over the counter medicines, its combination with the other two ingredients is what makes Fioricet truly effective. Butalbital is a barbiturate, which creates a sense of relaxation in the body. Caffeine further alleviates tension headaches by reducing the flow of blood to the brain. The combination of these three ingredients have provided immense relief to many chronic headache sufferers.

Fioricet comes in capsule and tablet form and is usually taken every four hours as needed. It is advised not to take more than six capsules in a day. Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions carefully. If you feel that you are in need of a larger dose, consult your doctor first. The butalbital in Fioricet tends to make people drowsy. It is important to stay away from driving or using heavy machinery after a dose. As with any medication, take care when using Fioricet. With the assistance of your physician, Fioricet can be taken safely, often with excellent results.

If you are interested in learning more about Fioricet, your doctor or pharmacist will be able to answer any questions or concerns you may have. Your physician will determine if Fioricet is a viable solution for your chronic headaches.